Saturday, April 13, 2019

Division of Palawan to Three Separate Provinces through RA11259

On April 5, 2019, Philippine President Duterte has signed into law the Republic Act 11259 which separates the province of Palawan to three. The once 81 provinces of the Philippines will now be 83 as soon as a plebiscite is held and constituents have approved the separation. How would this move be of importance to its people?

Division of Provinces

Dividing large provinces to smaller ones is nothing new.  In 2006, then President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo has created the Province of Dinagat Islands when it separated from the larger Surigao del Norte. Duterte’s predecessor, Benigno Aquino III has declared in 2013 the southernmost tip of the Davao Gulf as Davao Occidental.

For Palawan, as soon as a plebiscite takes place and the majority agrees to the Act, the province of Palawan will be separated to Palawan Oriental, Palawan del Norte, and Palawan del Sur.

Presidents all have similar reasons for separation of provinces: this is to allocate a more balanced amount of funds for socio-economic development for previous areas where development is only focused on small provincial capital areas.

Coming from 80 provinces in 2006 to 81 in 2013, the Philippine would now be comprised of 83 provinces.


Palawan is originally inhabited by the Tausug Tribes on the North and Molbog Tribes in the South. Not until the 1970’s when President Marcos has given away free lands to loyalists areas of lands in Palawan for it to be developed. Thus the province of Palawan primarily became Tagalog.

Beauty of Palawan

Palawan is famous for being one of the most beautiful islands in the world to where its northern islands are gifted with attractive lagoons, dive sites, and karstic islets. Its mainland island is gifted with long shorelines of white sand beaches and lush rainforests at its mountainous center. The group of islands at its southernmost tip bordering Sabah is then gifted with many virgin islands and dotted with fine sandbars.

One of the sandbars in Palawan’s southern tip, Balabac is named after us when we made our mapping expedition in 2016: The BenLen Sandbar.

BenLen Sandbar of Balabac


Map of Palawan once RA 11259 is made into effect

The signed law states that the municipalities of the captivating islands of  El Nido, Coron, Busuanga, Culion, and Linapacan will be included as part of the province of Palawan del Norte, having Taytay as its capital.

Agutaya, Cuyo, and Cagayancillo at the center of Sulu sea, San Vicente (famously known for its 14-kilometer long fine white sand beach), Araceli, Dumaran, and Magsaysay with Roxas as its capital will be included in the province of Palawan Oriental.

Aborlan, Quezon, Narra, Rizal, Sofronio Espanola, Bataraza (NIckel mining center of Palawan), Kalayaan (Spratlys), and Balabac, the sandbar capital of the Philippines), with Brooke’s Point as its capital (known for lush rainforests) will be included in the province of Palawan del Sur.

Puerto Princesa will remain to be an independent city.

Mapping Expeditions of Palawan

Schadow1 Expeditions had a mapping expedition in the Calamianes (the northernmost group of islands of Palawan which includes Coron, Busuanga, and Culion and Linapacan) in 2012, to which the primary aim is to map tourist sites and ferry routes among the islands.

Through the Balabac Mapping Expedition, we targeted the southernmost part in our expedition to map the islands and sandbars with the goal of improving its tourism as well as assisting future plans to create protected areas in Balabac through our mapping data. The 2016 expedition enabled us to identify the longest sandbars in the Philippines to where the 4th and the 3rd longest is located in this municipality. (See 10 Longest Sandbars of the Philippines)

Plebiscite Result

As of March 13, 2021, Palawe├▒os have decided to keep Palawan as one province. Three days later, the Commission on Elections has officially declared that a "no" to the division won with a 60% voter turnout.


  1. hi nice comprehensive site you did
    i was born in Luzon and live now abroad
    i am interested to buy land in Palawan to retire since i am tired of cold and snow in the northern hemisphere
    what in your experience is nicer; south or north of Palawan?
    i like to be close to a nice sandbar or beach with coconuts, is the west side of the island the one with sunsets by the ocean or is the east side of the island?
    where is more simple and relaxed? i like to plant vegetables a lot so a farmland area would be nice, can you help me a bit with my questions? salamat.

  2. hi Ervin
    shall i email you if u prefer to answer my early post?
    let me know, salamat